To develop large scale software that powers business and industry, computer scientists use their technical and creative skills to improve people’s lives in almost every area imaginable. The complex software and hardware systems created by computer scientists impact all aspects of society and influence or transform work done in areas as diverse as medicine, education, music, travel and business.

No | Code | Course Title | Period Per Week | Credit Point | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Lect. | Tut. | Pract. | Total | ||||

1 | M 11001 | Myanmar | 2 | 0 | 0 | 2 | 1.5 |

2 | E 11011 | English | 2 | 1 | 0 | 3 | 2.3 |

3 | EM 11001 | Engineering Mathematics I | 4 | 1 | 0 | 5 | 3.8 |

4 | E.Ch 11011 | Engineering Chemistry I | 3 | 1 | 2 | 6 | 4.5 |

5 | E.Ph 11011 | Engineering Physics I | 2 | 1 | 2 | 5 | 3.5 |

6 | ME 11011 | Basic Engineering Drawing I | 1 | 0 | 2 | 3 | 2 |

7 | IT 11013 | Introduction to Computer Systems | 2 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 2.3 |

8 | M 12011 | Myanmar II | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 1 |

9 | E 12011 | English | 2 | 1 | 0 | 3 | 2.5 |

10 | EM 12002 | Engineering Mathematics II | 4 | 1 | 0 | 5 | 3.8 |

11 | E.Ch 12011 | Engineering Chemistry II | 3 | 1 | 2 | 6 | 4.5 |

12 | E.Ph 12011 | Engineering Physics II | 2 | 1 | 2 | 5 | 3.5 |

13 | ME 12011 | Basic Engineering Drawing II | 1 | 0 | 2 | 3 | 2 |

14 | IT 12013 | Introduction to Computer Systems | 2 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 2.3 |

Blueprint B1 - Intermediate Student Book

**Chapter 1**

Functions: Even Functions, Odd Functions, Trigonometric Functions, Exponential Functions, Inverse Functions, and Logarithms.

**Chapter 2**

Limits and Continuity: Rates of Change, Limit Laws, Definitions of a limit, One-Sided Limits, Continuity Functions, Limit involving infinity.

**Chapter 3**

Differentiation: Derivatives, Differentiation Rules, Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions, Change Rule, Implicit Differentiation.

**Chapter 4**

Application of Derivatives: Extreme Values, Mean Value Theorem, Monotonic Functions, Concavity and Curve Sketching, Indeterminate Forms, L’Hopital’s Rule, Applied Optimization.

**Chapter 5**

Integration: Definite Integral, The Fundamental Theorem, Indefinite Integrals and the Substitution Method, Area Between Curves.

**Chapter 1 Atomic and Molecular Structure (12 H****rs)**

Atomic Structure; Distribution of Electrons in Different Energy Levels; Valence Shell and Valence Electrons; Isotopes; Isobars; Nature of Light and Electromagnetic Waves; Wave Nature of Light; Electromagnetic Spectrum; Quantum Nature of Light; Photoelectric Effect; Bohr’s Theory of Atomic Structure; Drawbacks of Bohr Model; Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom; Dual Nature of Electron (Wave Nature and Particles); Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle; Orbitals and Quantum Numbers; Quantum Number; Principle Quantum Number; Azimuthal Quantum Number; Magnetic Quantum Number; Spin Quantum Number; Pauli’s Exclusion Principle; Electronic Configuration of Atoms; Aufbau Principle; Hund’s Rule of Maximum Multiplicity; Writing Lewis Structures; Formal Charge; The Structure of Molecules; Some Terminology; Valence Shell Electron-Pair Repulsion (VSEPR ) Theory; Possibility for Electron Pair Distribution; Applying VSEPR Theory; Structures with Multiple Covalent Bonds; Molecular Shapes and Dipole moments.

**Chapter 2 Principle of Chemical Equilibrium (8 H****rs)**

Dynamic Equilibrium; The Equilibrium Constant Expression; Relationships involving Equilibrium constants; Relationship of Kc to the Balanced Chemical Equation; Combining Equilibrium Constant Expression; Equilibria involving Gases: The Equilibrium Constant, Kp; Equilibria involving Liquids and Solids; The Reaction Quotient, Q; Predicting the Direction of a Net Reaction; Altering Equilibrium Conditions; Lechatelier’s Principle; Effect of Changes the Amounts of Reacting Species on Equilibrium; Effect of Changes in Pressure or Volume on Equilibrium; Effect of Temperature on Equilibrium; Effect of a Catalyst on Equilibrium; Equilibrium Calculation: Some Ilustrative Examples.** **

** **

**Chapter 3 Chemistry of Engineering Materials (10 H****rs)**

Refractories: Characteristics of a good Refractory; Classification of Refractories; Manufacture of Refractories; Properties of Refractories; Important Refractories.

Abrasives: Abrasive Power; Properties of Abrasives; Classification of Abrasives; Uses of Abrasives.

Adhesives: Requirements of a Good Adhesive; Advantages of Adhesive Bonding; Disadvantages of Limitations of Adhesive Bonding; Development of Adhesive Strength; Classification of Adhesives.

Lubricants: Functions of a Lubricant; Classification of Lubricants, Characteristics of Good Lubricants.

Ceramics: Basic Raw Materials for Ceramics; General Properties of Ceramics; Manufacturing Process; Cement; Gypsum.

Composites: Composites Material Structure; Types of Composites, Applications of Composites Materials.

**Chapter 4 Metals and Their Applications (10 H****rs)**

Metallurgy ( Extracting a Metal from its Ore) - Common Ores, Isolation of Metals from its Ores; Zinc – Production of Zinc from Zinc Blend, Uses (Zn); Iron and Steel – Uses (Iron and Steel); Copper- Isolation and Electro Refining of Copper, Uses (Cu); Aluminium – Production of Aluminium, Properties and Uses of Aluminium; Silver – Properties and Uses of Silver.

**Text Book: Computer Science (11th Edition)**

**Author: J. Glenn Brookshear**

Bits and their storage, Main memory, Mass storage, Representing information as bit patterns, The binary system, Storing integers, Storing fractions, Computer architecture, Machine languages, Program execution, The history of operating systems, Operating system architecture, Coordinating the machine’s activities, Network fundamental, The Internet.

**Chapter 1**

Complex Numbers: Complex Number &Plane, Polar Form of Complex Numbers powers &Roots.

Linear Algebra I

**Chapter 2**

Technique of integration: Integration by parts, Trigonometric Integrals, Trigonometric Substitution, Integration of Rational Function by partial function, Improper integrals.

**Chapter 3**

Conic Section: Equations from the Distance Formula, Circle, Parabola, Ellipes, Hyperbola.

**Chapter 4**

Probability Theory: Experiment, Outcomes, Events, Probability.

**Chapter 5**

Permutation, Combination And Mathematical Induction: Permutation, Combination, Mathematical Induction.

No | Code | Course Title | Period Per Week | Credit Point | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Lect. | Tut. | Pract. | Total | ||||

1 | E 21011 | English | 2 | 1 | 0 | 3 | 2.5 |

2 | EM 21003 | Engineering Mathematics III | 4 | 1 | 0 | 5 | 3.8 |

3 | IT 21011 | Basic Electricity and Electronics | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

4 | IT 21021 | Digital Logic Design | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

5 | IT 21012 | Data Communications | 2 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 2.3 |

6 | IT 21015 | Programming Language in C++ | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

7 | IT 21025 | Web Development Technologies I | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

8 | E 22011 | English | 2 | 1 | 0 | 3 | 2.3 |

9 | EM 22004 | Engineering Mathematics IV | 4 | 1 | 0 | 5 | 3.8 |

10 | IT 22011 | Basic Electricity and Electronics | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

11 | IT 22021 | Digital Logic Design | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

12 | IT 22012 | Data Communications | 2 | 0 | 1 | 3 | 2.3 |

13 | IT 22015 | Programming Language in C++ | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

14 | IT 22025 | Web Development Technologies I | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

Blueprint B1+ Upper Intermediate

**Chapter 1**

Applications of Definite Integrals, Volume Using Cross- Sections,Volumes Using Cylindrical shells, Arc Length, Areas of Surfaces of Revolution

**Chapter 2**

Integrals and Transcendental Functions: The logarithm Defined as an Integral, Hyperbolic Functions.

**Chapter 3**

Parametric Equations and Polar Coordinates: Parameterizations of Curves , Plane Curves, Calculus with Parametric Curves, Polar Coordinates, Area and Length in Polar Coordinates

**Chapter 4**

Vectors and Geometry of Space: The Dot Products, The Cross Product, Lines in Planes in Space,

**Chapter 5**

Linear Algebra II: Vectors in Euclidean n Space, Matrices and Simultaneous Linear Equation, Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors.

**Text Book: Electrical and Electronic Principles and Technology (2nd Edition)**

** Author: John Bird**

Units associated with basic electrical quantities, SI units, Charge, Force, Work, Power, Electrical potential and e.m.f, Resistance and conductance, Electrical power and energy, Summary of terms, units and their symbols, An introduction to electric circuits, Electrical/electronic system block Diagrams, Standard symbols for electrical components, Electric current and quantity of electricity, Potential difference and resistance, Linear and non-linear devices, Ohm’s law, Multiples and sub-multiples, Conductors and insulators, Electrical power and energy, Main effects of electric current, Fuses, Resistance variation, Resistance and resistivity, Temperature coefficient of resistance, Resistor colour coding and ohmicvalues, Series and parallel networks, Series circuits, Potential divider, Parallel networks, Current division, Capacitors and capacitance, Electrostatic field, Electric field strength, Capacitance, Capacitors, Electric flux density**, **Permittivity, The parallel plate capacitor, Capacitors connected in parallel and series, Dielectric strength, Energy stored in capacitors, Magnetic circuits, Magnetic fields, Magnetic flux and flux density, Magnetomotive force and magnetic field strength, Permeability and B–H curves, Reluctance, Semiconductor diodes, Types of materials, Silicon and germanium, n-type and p-type materials, The p-n junction, Forward and reverse bias, Semiconductor diodes, Rectification**, **Transistors, The bipolar junction transistor, Transistor action, Transistor symbols Transistor connections, Transistor characteristics, The transistor as an amplifier, The load line, Current and voltage gains,

**Text Book: Digital Fundamentals (11th Edition)**

** Author: ****Thomas L. Floyd**

** **Latches, Flip-Flops, and Timers, Flip-flop operating characteristics, Flip-flop applications, Shift register operations, Types of shift register data I/Os, Bidirectional shift registers, shift register counters, shift register applications, Finite State Machines, Asynchronous counters, synchronous counters, Up/ down synchronous counters, Design of synchronous counters, Cascaded counters, Counter decoding, Counter applications, Simple programmable logic devices (SPLDs), Complex programmable logic devices (CPLDs), Macrocell Modes, Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), Semiconductor memory basics, RAM, ROM, Programmable ROMs, Flash memory, The computer system, Practical computer system considerations, The processor: Basic operation, The processor: Addressing modes, The processor: Special operations

**Text Book: Data Communications and Networking (5th Edition)**

** Author: Behrouz A. Forouzan**

** **Bandwidth utilization: Multiplexing and spreading, Transmission media: Guided, Unguided, Switching: Circuit-switched networks, Datagram networks, Virtual-circuit networks, Structure of a switch, Using telephone and cable networks for data transmission: Telephone networks, Dial-up modems, Digital subscriber networks, Cable TV networks, Cable TV for data transfer, Error detection and correction: Block coding, Linear block codes, Cyclic codes, Checksum, Assignments, Data Link Control: Framing,Flow and error control, Protocols, Noiseless channels, Noisy channels, Multiple access: Random access, Controlled access, Channelization.

**Text Book: OOP in C++ (4th Edition)**

** Author: Robert Lafore**

** **Array, Arrays of objects, C-strings, Operator overloading, Function and templates, Derived class and base class, Overriding member functions, Class hierarchies, Public and private inheritance, Multiple inheritance, Pointer variables, classes and pointers, Dynamic variables, Classes and pointers, Inheritance pointers, File and streams, Sequential access files, random access files, writing data to file, reading from a file.

**Text Book: Beginning HTML, XHTML, CSS, and Java Script**

** Author: Jon Duckett**

** **CSS rules, CSS properties, Controlling text, Text formatting, Selectors, Lengths, Box model, Links, Lists, Tables, :focus and :active pseudo-classess, Generated content, Miscellaneous properties, Additional rules, Positioning and layout with CSS, Understanding the site’s audience, Page size, Designing pages, Coding design, Developing for mobile devices, Typography, Navigation, Tables, Forms, Designing the form, Layout of forms, Adding a script to pages, Document object model, JavaScript, Variables, Operators, Functions, Conditional statements, Looping, Events, Built-in objects, Form validation, Form enhancements, JavaScript libraries.

**Chapter 1**

Vector Valued Function: Curves in space and their tangents, Integrals of vector Function, Projectile motion, Arc Length in Space, Curvature and Normal Vector, Tangent and Normal Components of Acceleration, Velocity and Acceleration in Polar.

**Chapter 2**

Partial Differentiation: Limits and Continuity in Higher Dimension: Partial derivatives, Chain rule, Directional derivatives and gradient vector, Tangent planes and differentials, Extreme values and Saddle points

**Chapter 3**

Multiple Integrals: Double and iterated integrals over rectangular, Double integrals over general regions , Area by double integration, Double integrals in Polar form, Triple integral in rectangular coordinates

**Chapter 4**

Vector Analysis: Line Integrals, Vector fields work circulation and flux, Path and independence, conservative field, Potential functions, Green’s Theorem, Surface and Area, Surface Integrals

**Chapter 5**

Infinite Series: Sequence , Infinite Series, The Integral Tests, Comparism Tests, The Ratio And Root Tests, Alternating Series, Absolute and Conditional Convergence , Revision

No | Code | Course Title | Period Per Week | Credit Point | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Lect. | Tut. | Pract. | Total | ||||

1 | E 31011 | English | 2 | 1 | 0 | 3 | 2.5 |

2 | EM 31005 | Engineering Mathematics V | 4 | 1 | 0 | 5 | 3.8 |

3 | IT 31022 | Computer Networks | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

4 | IT 31035 | Web Development Technologies II | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

5 | IT 31045 | Programming Language in Java | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

6 | IT 31055 | Data Structure | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

7 | IT 31016 | Database Management Systems | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

8 | E 32011 | English | 2 | 1 | 0 | 3 | 2.5 |

9 | EM 32015 | Engineering Mathematics VI | 4 | 1 | 0 | 5 | 3.8 |

10 | IT 32022 | Computer Networks | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

11 | IT 32035 | Web Development Technologies II | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

12 | IT 32045 | Programming Language in Java | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

13 | IT 32055 | Data Structure | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

14 | IT 32016 | Database Management Systems | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

Blueprint B2 - Pre-Advanced

**Chapter 1**

First order ODEs: Separable ODEs. Integrating Factors, Linear OGDs. Bernoulli Equation.

**Chapter 2**

Second –order Linear ODEs: Wronskian, Non-Homogeneous ODEs, Solution by Variation of Parameters

**Chapter 3**

Higher order linear ODEs: Homogeneous linear ODEs, Homogeneous linear ODEs with constant coefficients, Non-homogeneous linear ODEs

**Chapter 4**

Laplace Transforms: Laplace Transforms, Inverse Transform. Linearity. s-Shifting, Transforms of Derivatives & Integrals ODEs, Unit Step Function. t- Shifting

**Chapter 5**

Fourier Series: Fourier Series, Functions of Any Period p=2L, Even & Odd Functions. Half- Range Expansions, Complex Fourier Series, Revision

**Text Book: Data Communications and Networking (5th Edition)**

** Author: Behrouz A. Forouzan**

** **Wired LANs: Ethernet, Ethernet Protocol, Standard Ethernet, Fast Ethernet (100Mbps), Gigabit Ethernet, 10 Gigabit Ethernet, Other Wired Networks, SONET 400, ATM 421, Wireless LANs, IEEE 802.11 Project, Bluetooth, Wimax, Cellular Telephony, Connection devices and virtual LANs, Connecting devices, Virtual LANs

**Text Book: Beginning PHP 5.3**

** Author: Matt Doyle**

** **Creating Wed forms and PHP scripts to handle them, interacting with browser cookies and creating sessions to store visitor data, manipulating MySQL data with PHP, writing database driven applications, retrieving data from MySQL data with PHP.

**Text Book: Java How to Program (9th Edition)**

** Author: Paul Deitel, Harvey Deitel**

Demonstrating Polymorphic Behavior, Abstract Classes and Methods, Java Exception Hierarchy, Chained Exceptions, Declaring New Exception Types, Simple GUI based input/output with JOptionPane, Swing components, Text field and event handling, Common GUI event types and listener interface, JButton, JComboBox, JList, Adapter classes, Key event handling, Layout manager, Panels, JTextArea, Graphics contexts and graphics object, Color control, Font, java 2D API, Collection, Type-wrapper classes for primitive types, AutoBoxing and Auto-unboxing, Interface collection and class collections, List, Collection methods, Stack class, Class priority queue and interface queue, Sets, Maps, Properties class, Synchronized collections, Unmodifiable collections, Abstract implementation, Layout Manager: Box layout and GridBag layout, Relational Databases, Manipulating Databases with JDBC.

**Text Book: Introduction to Algorithms (3rd Edition)**

** Author: Thomas H.Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L.Rivest and Clifford Stein**

** **Role of algorithms in computing: Algorithms, Insertion sort, Analyzing algorithms, Designing algorithms, Divide-and-conquer: Maximum-sub array problem, Strassen’s algorithm, Substitution method, Recursion tree method, Heapsort: Heaps, Building a heap, Heap sort algorithm, Priority queues, Quicksort: Description of quicksort, Performance of quicksort, Randommized version of quicksort, Analysis of quicksort, Sorting in linear time: Lower bound for sorting, Counting sort, Radix sort, Bucket sort.

**Text book: An Introduction to Database Systems (6th Edition)**

** Author: C. J. Date**

Database Management concepts, Database System, Database, Data Independence, Relational System, Architecture For a Database System, Relational Database, Relational Data Objects, Domains and Relations, Relational Data Integrity, Candidate Keys and Related Matters, Relational operators and calculus.

**Chapter 1**

Complex Analytic Function: Derivative Analytic Functions, Cauchy- Riemann Equations, Laplace Equations, Exponential Equations, Trigonometric and Hyperbolic Functions, Logarithm

**Chapter 2**

Complex Integration: Linear Integral In the Complex Planes, Cauchy’s Integral Theorem , Cauchy’s Integral Formula, Derivatives of Analytic Functions

**Chapter 3**

Power Series: Taylor Series: Laurent Series,Convergent Test, Power Series, Taylor and Maclaurin Series

**Chapter 4**

Integration by the Method of Residues : Laurent Series, Singularity Zeros, Infinity, Residues Integration methods

**Chapter 5**

Conformal: Geometry of Analytics Function: Linear Fractional Transformations, Special Linear transformations

No | Code | Course Title | Period Per Week | Credit Point | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Lect. | Tut. | Pract. | Total | ||||

1 | E 41011 | English | 2 | 1 | 0 | 3 | 2.3 |

2 | EM 41007 | Engineering Mathematics VII | 4 | 1 | 0 | 5 | 3.8 |

3 | IT 41032 | Advanced Computer Networks | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

4 | IT 41023 | Computer Architecture and Organization | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

5 | IT 41033 | Operating Systems | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

6 | IT 41026 | Advanced Data Management Techniques | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

7 | IT 41017 | Modern Control Systems | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

8 | E 42011 | English | 2 | 1 | 0 | 3 | 2.3 |

9 | EM 42008 | Engineering Mathematics VIII | 4 | 1 | 0 | 5 | 3.8 |

10 | IT 42032 | Advanced Computer Networks | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

11 | IT 42023 | Computer Architecture and Organization | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

12 | IT 42033 | Operating Systems | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

13 | IT 42026 | Advanced Data Management Techniques | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

14 | IT 42017 | Modern Control Systems | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

Blueprint C1 - Advanced

**Chapter 1**

Numeric In General: Solution of Equations By Iteration, Interpolation, Numbers of Integration and Differentiation

**Chapter 2**

Numeric Linear Algebra: Linear System LU, Solution by Iteration, Least Square Methods. Inclusion of Matrices, Power Methods of Eigen Values, Tridiagonalization and QR Factorization

**Chapter 4**

Numeric for ODEs and PDEs: Methods for First Order, Multistep Methods, Methods for Higher Order

**Chapter 5**

Unconstrained optimization linear Programming : Basic Concepts, linear Programming , Simplex Methods

**Chapter 1**

Probability, Statistics + Queueing Theory: Random variable. Probability Distribution, Mean and Variance of a Distribution, Binomial, Poisson and Hypergeometric Distribution, Normal Distribution, Distribution of Several Random Variables, Queueing Theory

**Chapter 2**

Mathematical Statistics: Confidence intervals

**Chapter 3**

Graphs: Combinatorial Optimization: Graphs and Digraphs, Shortest Path Problems, Bellman’s Principle, Shortest spanning Trees, Flow in Networks, Maximum flow, Bipartite Graphs, Revision

No | Code | Course Title | Period Per Week | Credit Point | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Lect. | Tut. | Pract. | Total | ||||

1 | IT 51043 | Embedded Systems | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

2 | IT 51014 | Cloud Computing | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

3 | IT 51027 | Digital Signal Processing | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

4 | IT 51037 | Digital Image Processing | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

5 | IT 51065 | Software Engineering | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

6 | IT 51058 | Integrated Design Project | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 2.3 |

7 | IT 52043 | Embedded Systems | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

8 | IT 52042 | Cryptography and Network Security | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

9 | IT 52047 | Artificial Intelligence I | 2 | 1 | 1 | 4 | 3 |

10 | IT 52037 | Digital Image Processing | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

11 | IT 52065 | Software Engineering | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

12 | IT 52058 | Integrated Design Project | 1 | 0 | 0 | 1 | 2.3 |

No | Code | Course Title | Period Per Week | Credit Point | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Lect. | Tut. | Pract. | Total | ||||

1 | HSS 61011 | Humanities and Social Science | 4 | 0 | 0 | 4 | 4 |

2 | IT 61062 | Wireless and Mobile Communications | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

3 | IT 61052 | Network Planning and Management | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

4 | IT 61075 | Project Management | 2 | 0 | 2 | 4 | 3 |

5 | IT 62068 | Internship programme /Industrial Training | 0 | 4 | |||

6 | IT 62068 | Graduation Thesis /Final Year Project | 0 | 9 |